Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu (Old Mountain) is the site of an ancient Inca city, in the Andes of Peru. Situated at 2,430 meters (8,000 feet), this UNESCO World Heritage site is often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", it is one of the best known symbols of the ancient Inca Empire, and is one of the famous and spectacular ruins in the world. In addition, it is one of the new wonders of the modern world, a visit to Peru would not be complete without visiting Machu Picchu.

Machu Picchu is the ancient Inca city, rediscovered in the 20th century, but for some reason, it was completely abandoned about 100 years later.

Unfortunately, most of the cities built by the Incas were destroyed by the Spanish conquerors, but Machu Picchu was in a hidden place, invisible to them, that's why this place survived, this monumental place and most of its assets are well preserved.

The Inca city is an archaeological gem.

Some scientists say that Machu Picchu was an astronomical observatory, also its sacred Intihuatana stone indicates exactly the two equinoxes since twice a year, the sun is directly on the stone and does not generate shadows.

For a tours in Machu Picchu, we always recommend spending at least one night in Aguas Calientes, which is the closest town (20 min.). For those who have the time and are looking for an incredible experience, a two-night stay is recommended. There are all kinds of hotels in Aguas Calientes, from hostels to 5-star hotels. Enjoy Machu Picchu!

Location

The sacred city of Machu Picchu is located 130 kilometers northwest of Cuzco, on the crest of the Machu Picchu hill, in the district of Machu Picchu, Urubamba valley, at 2,200 meters above sea level.

The location of the citadel was a military secret, since deep ravines, on the edge of an abyss, and wild mountains were the best natural defense.

Area

With an area of ​​32,592 hectares, it is considered one of the wonders of the world and was declared a Cultural and Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 1983.

Creation

The Historic Sanctuary of Machupicchu was established on January 8, 1981 according to Supreme Decree No. 021-81-AA, due to the need to protect the valuable vestiges of pre-Hispanic times, jointly highlighting the archaeological monuments present and their landscape setting, as well as the native flora and fauna species associated with the region. Later in 1983, UNESCO declared it a cultural and natural heritage of humanity.

Height

It is 2490 meters above sea level, taking as a reference the Main Square of the archaeological site. According to some scientists, this may have been created 36 thousand years B.C.

Weather

Because it is in a subtropical area, it has a temperature that ranges from 8º to 22º C. The rainiest months go from December to April.

Flora and Fauna

In Machu Picchu there are abundant flora and varied fauna. Above all, the unique lives of the typical plants of the historic reserve of Machu Picchu which are pisonayes, alders, puya palm trees, ferns and more than 90 species of orchids. Among the fauna of the Machu Picchu reserve are the spectacled bear, cock of the rocks or “tunqui”, tankas, wild cats and an impressive variety of butterflies and insects unique to the region. A feat of lies of the land, which is its natural environment is the strategic location of Machu Picchu where this unique monument is located with a fusion of natural beauty, harmony and balance of work of ancient Peruvians and whims of the nature.

How to get to Machu Picchu?

Access is by railroad (112.5 Km – 4 hours approx), from the San Pedro station in Cusco, to the Aguas Calientes station and the only company that performs this service is Peru Rail. From this point there are two ways to go up to the citadel, one (which is the most common) is by bus (20 min trip). The other way is on foot (at no cost to the pocket but to the legs) in a long walk of 1 ½ hours. To the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, and adventure lovers can reach Machupicchu via the Inca Trail that goes from km 82 in four days and three nights approximately, km 88 in four days and three nights approximately and km 104 in two days and one night.

Machu Picchu Tickets

The Machu Picchu tickets is an official document that grants the right to enter the Archaeological Park of Machu Picchu, one of the 7 wonders of the world. The institution in charge of the administration and sale of the ticket for Machu Picchu is the puzzled Directorate of culture of Cusco.

If you want to easily purchase your Machu Picchu tickets, you can do it online through this page: www.machupicchu.gob.pe

How to buy the Machu Picchu tickets?

To buy your ticket you must previously make a virtual reservation through the official website of the Ministry of Culture, you must indicate the date you will visit Machu Picchu, the time you will enter (take into account your train schedules) and enter your data personal, at the end of all the steps, you will be given a reservation code, with which you can make the payment at the offices of the Ministry of Culture, located at Calle Garcilaso SN – “Museo Casa Garcilaso” and at Calle Maruri 340 – Cusco . Keep in mind that the reservation code is only valid for 3 hours, if you do not make the payment during that time you will lose your reservation.

Prices:

Machu Picchu Solo:

  • Adult: S /. 152.00 PEN
  • Student: S / .77.00 PEN
  • Child: S / .70.00 PEN

Machupicchu + Mountain:

  • Adult: S / .200.00 PEN
  • Student: S / .125.00 PEN
  • Child: S /. 118.00 PEN

Machupicchu + Waynapicchu Mountain:

  • Adult: S / .200.00 PEN
  • Student: S / .125.00 PEN
  • Child: S /. 118.00 PEN

Manuel Chavez Ballón Site Museum

  • Adult: S / .22.00 PEN
  • Student: S / .11.00 PEN
  • Child: S /. 8.00 PEN